Safety Resource Library

Agriculture/Farming Operations and Safety Regulations

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has few standards that oversee safe operations of the agriculture industry, as generalized in the table below. The full standards applicable to agriculture safety can be found in 29 CFR 1928 and the general industry standards applicable to agriculture operations can be found in 29 CFR 1910. During an inspection, OSHA may use the General Duty Clause to cite hazards not covered by 29 CFR 1928 or the applicable standards in general industry. The General Duty Clause, 29 CFR 1910.5(a)(1), states that

“Each employer shall furnish to each of his employees employment and a place of employment which are free from recognized hazards that are causing or are likely to cause death or serious physical harm to his employees.”

OSHA’s Appropriations Act exempts farming operations from inspection if:

  1. The operation has fewer than ten employees; AND
  2. The operation does not have temporary labor camp activity within the prior 12 months

Otherwise, inspections are not exempt.
NOTE: Immediate members of the farm employer’s family are not counted as employees.

Agriculture Standards 29 CFR 1928


Training Requirements

Roll Over Protection Structures (ROPS) for tractors, 1928.51

Operators must be informed of safe operating practices initially and at least annually thereafter.

Guarding of Moving Machinery Parts, 1928.57

Operators must receive instruction at the initial assignment and at least annually thereafter. Instruction must include safe operations and servicing of equipment in which he/she is involved.

Field Sanitation, 1928.110- only enforced by Wage and Hour Division (WHD).  OSHA does not have authority to cite under this standard

Notify each employee of the location of sanitation facilities and water. Inform each employee of the importance of following good hygiene practices.

General Industry Standards applicable to Agriculture Operations 29 CFR 1910


Training Requirements

Temporary Labor Camps, 1910.142- shared enforcement with OSHA and WHD

Person trained in first aid remains in charge of first aid facilities

Storage and Handling of Anhydrous Ammonia, 1910.111(a) and (b)

Tank car unloading must be conducted by a reliable person properly instructed and given authority to monitor careful compliance with all applicable procedures. 
(while the standard does not state training in respiratory protection, respirators are required to be onsite and therefore, training is recommended)

Logging Operations, 1910.266

Training should occur initially, when assigned new tasks, tools, equipment, machines, or vehicles, and when an employee demonstrates unsafe performance. Hazard recognition, personal protective equipment, use of portable fire extinguishers, safe operating and maintenance of machines and vehicles, lockout tagout, procedures, practices, and policies of employer’s worksite, first aid and CPR training.

Specifications for Accident Prevention Signs and Tags – Slow Moving Vehicle Emblem, 1910.145


Hazard Communication, 1910.1200

Initially and when a new chemical is introduced. Training includes information about the employers written hazard communication program and includes hazards of chemicals in their work area, methods to detect a chemical release, protective measures, and how to read safety data sheets and labels.

Cadmium, 1910.1027

Initial assignment to tasks that have potential for cadmium exposure and annually thereafter. Hazard communication training, warning signs, labels, protective measures, the purpose of respiratory protection, the purpose of medical surveillance, the employees’ right to access medical records, and the content of the cadmium regulation.

Retention of DOT Markings, Placards, and Labels, 1910.1201


Pesticide Application- Regulated by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) 40 CFR Part 1970 in the Worker Protection Standard
OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard 29 CFR 1910.1200 does not have jurisdiction over regulated pesticides. 

The safety regulations listed above are minimal requirements of the law! Do more than minimum to protect your employees. 

Our Safety Management Consultants may ask your organization to develop additional safety programs and training based from proven safety standards that aren’t currently enforced in the agricultural industry. Beyond standards and regulations, additional best practices and safety initiatives may be designed and implemented to keep your employees safe, protecting them and your bottom line.

Montana State Fund will assist you along the way

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